3 Valuation principles

Tangible assets

Tangible assets are initially recognised at the lower of cost (acquisition or manufacturing cost). Repower capitalises borrowing costs if construction takes more than one year and it is a major investment project. For the purposes of subsequent measurement, Repower does scheduled straight-line amortisation over the expected useful life. Estimated useful lives are calculated in accordance with the recommendations of the Association of Swiss Electricity Companies and are within the following ranges for each category:


Useful life



Power plants

20 – 80 years depending on the type of facility


15 – 40 years




30 – 60 years

Plant and business equipment

3 – 20 years

Assets under construction

Reclassification to the corresponding category when available for use; any impairments are recognised immediately

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are initially recognised at the lower of cost (acquisition or manufacturing cost). Provided the prerequisites for capitalisation are met, intangible assets generated internally are capitalised. Amortisation is done on a straight-line basis. The estimated useful lives for the individual categories are within the following ranges:


Useful life




5 - 20 years

Other intangible assets

3 - 5 years

The useful lives of concession rights and rights of use are determined by the relevant contractual provisions.


Assets are tested for impairment on every balance sheet date. If there is evidence of impairment, an impairment test is carried out to calculate the recoverable value. The recoverable value is the higher of net selling price and value in use. If the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable value, an adjustment is made in the income statement by way of unscheduled amortisation. If there is a material improvement in the facts considered while calculating the recoverable value, an impairment recognised in earlier reporting periods will be fully or partially reversed in the income statement, with the exception of goodwill.

Investments in associates and joint ventures

Investments in associates and joint ventures are recognised using the equity method. Any goodwill is a component of the interest in the entity.

Financial assets

Financial assets comprise securities and loans extended for the purposes of long-term investment, and derivatives. Non-current securities and loans are recognised at cost less any impairment. Derivatives are recognised at current values.

Deferred taxes

Deferred taxes are calculated on the basis of balance sheet temporary differences. Temporary differences between the values of balance sheet positions determined in accordance with Swiss GAAP FER principles and those determined in accordance with tax law form the basis for recognising deferred income tax assets and liabilities. Given the uncertainty involved in offsetting loss carryforwards against future earnings, deferred taxes are not capitalised.


Inventories are goods used in the regular course of business for the purposes of disposal, manufacturing goods or providing services. They are initially recognised at the lower of cost (acquisition or manufacturing cost). The closing inventory is valued at the lower of average cost or net market price. Settlement discounts received are recognised as financial income.

Repower provides services for third parties. Only immaterial contracts are recognised under inventories recognised at acquisition or production cost.

Trade accounts receivable

Trade accounts receivable comprise receivables from business activities where the delivery or service has already been fulfilled but the debtor’s payment has not been received. Receivables are measured at nominal value taking due account of necessary impairment.

Other receivables

Individual contracts that are material for Repower in the context of its service business are recognised as other receivables in proportion to revenues, net of any amounts already invoiced and prepayments received, provided the relevant preconditions of FER 22 Long-term contracts are met. The percentage of completion for application of the percentage of completion method is calculated individually for each contract using the cost to cost method.

This item still contains all other current receivables. They are measured at nominal value taking due account of necessary impairment.

Prepaid expenses and accrued income/deferred income and accrued expenses

Prepaid expenses and accrued income/deferred income and accrued expenses are designed to ensure that assets and liabilities at the balance sheet date are presented correctly and that income and expense are recognised on an accrual basis in the income statement.

In particular, goods and services delivered or received but not yet invoiced are recognised in prepaid expenses and accrued income/deferred income and accrued expenses.


Securities comprise shares, bonds and fund units as well as derivatives and short-term investments. Both initial and subsequent measurement is done at current values. If no current value is available, non-current securities are valued no higher than their acquisition costs less any impairments.

Replacement values of held-for-trading positions

Contracts in the form of forward transactions (forwards and futures) conducted with the intention of achieving a trading profit or margin are treated as derivative financial instruments and recognised as held-for-trading positions or replacement values. On the balance sheet date, all open derivative financial instruments from energy trading transactions are measured at fair value through profit or loss, and the positive and negative replacement values are recognised under assets and liabilities. Positive replacement values represent receivables. Negative replacement values represent liabilities. The replacement value is the difference in price compared to the closing price.

The open contracts are measured on the basis of market data from electricity exchanges (e.g. EEX Leipzig). For contracts for which no liquid market exists, measurement is based on a valuation model.

Current transactions are offset at positive and negative replacement value if the respective contract terms provide for this and the intention to offset exists and is legally permitted.

Realised and unrealised income from held-for-trading positions is recognised as net sales from goods and services.

Cash and cash equivalents

The cash and cash equivalents item comprises cash, sight deposits at banks and other financial institutions (e.g. PostFinance) and cash equivalents, provided they are held as a cash reserve, are highly liquid and convertible to cash at short notice, and are subject to only negligible fluctuations in value. Cash equivalents have a maximum residual term to maturity at the balance sheet date. Fixed-term deposits callable at short notice with an agreed term of more than 90 days are likewise deemed to be cash equivalents, provided that on the balance sheet date they are available for payment purposes by termination within 90 days.


A provision is a probable liability on the basis of an event before the balance sheet date; the amount of the liability and/or the date on which it will fall due is uncertain but can be estimated. Provisions are recognised for actual and statutory obligations and for impending risks and losses. Existing provisions are remeasured on every balance sheet date. Provisions are divided into current provisions (due within twelve months) and non-current provisions (due after twelve months). If there is a material time factor involved, the provision is discounted.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities comprise both financing activities and derivatives, and are recognised at nominal or current values. Any differences between the acquisition cost and the redemption value of bonds or registered bonds are amortised on a straight-line basis over the term of the instruments. Interest accrued but not yet charged is accrued and recognised as deferred income and accrued expenses on the balance sheet date. Depending on the term, it is recognised under non-current or current financial liabilities.

Other non-current liabilities

Other non-current liabilities comprise all liabilities not belonging to the other categories that are not due within twelve months after the balance sheet date. In particular, under this item Repower recognises received connection fees and grid cost contributions, which are charged to profit or loss over a period of 35 years.

Trade accounts payable

Trade accounts payable from goods and services are current liabilities with a remaining term of less than twelve months arising from deliveries, work performances, services, lease agreements, etc.). They are recognised at nominal values.

Other current liabilities

This item comprises all other current liabilities that cannot be assigned to payables from goods and services. They are recognised at nominal values.

Pension provisions

On the balance sheet date, employees of Repower AG in Switzerland were members of the PKE Vorsorgestiftung Energie pension fund. This is a legally independent pension fund operating as a defined contribution plan in accordance with the Federal Law on Occupational Pensions for Old Age, Survivors and Disability (BVG). Pension benefit obligations are measured and recognised in accordance with Swiss GAAP FER 16. The economic impacts of pension institutions on the entity are either economic benefits or economic obligations. Economic benefits and economic obligations are evaluated at the balance sheet date and recognised in the entity’s financial statements. Employer contribution reserves are recognised at nominal or present value as financial assets.

A peculiarity of Italian law is the payment of severance pay. This corresponds to around one month’s pay for every year of employment, and must be paid in all cases when an employment relationship is terminated. The provision for this obligation is calculated according to a recognised method specific to the country, and the change is recognised in personnel expenses.

Cash flow hedges

Derivative transactions entered into for the purpose of hedging cash flows with a high probability of occurrence are not recorded on the balance sheet, but are disclosed in the notes.


A lease is an agreement whereby certain goods are ceded for the use of the lessee in return for a payment. A distinction is made between finance and operating leases. A finance lease is defined as a lease that transfers all material risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. Otherwise the lease is deemed to be an operating lease. The asset leased under a finance lease is recognised as tangible assets and financial liabilities. Lease instalments paid are apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction in the outstanding liability. Assets leased under operating leases are not recognised on the balance sheet. Paid and received leasing instalments are recognised in the period in which they occur.

Off-balance-sheet business

Contingent assets and liabilities are measured at the balance sheet date and disclosed in the notes. If an outflow of funds without a simultaneous usable inflow of funds is probable and estimable, a corresponding provision is recognised.

Transactions with related parties

Related parties (natural persons and legal entities) are parties which can directly or indirectly exert a significant influence on the group’s financial and operational decisions. Organisations that for their part are directly or indirectly controlled by related parties are likewise deemed to be related. All material transactions and resulting balances or liabilities vis-à-vis related parties are disclosed in these consolidated financial statements.


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