14 Positive/negative replacement values for held-for-trading positions

14 Positive/negative replacement values for held-for-trading positions
  31.12.2015 31.12.2014
Positive replacement values 103,300 131,815
Negative replacement values 77,154 121,376

* See page 50

The figures for the replacement values correspond to all financial instruments from energy trading transactions open on the balance sheet date. The replacement value corresponds to the fair value of the open financial instruments. Positive replacement values represent receivables. Positive replacement values represent liabilities.

Replacement values of held-for-trading positions relate to forward contracts measured at current market values.

Forward contracts cover forwards and futures with flexible profiles. The replacement value is the difference in price compared to the closing price. The price fluctuations of forward contracts are recorded by adjusting the replacement values, since there is no daily financial balancing of fluctuations in value.

The employment of held-for-trading positions exposes the company to credit and market risks. If the counterparty fails to fulfil its obligations arising from the contract, the counterparty risk for the company corresponds to the positive replacement value. These risks related to held-for-trading positions are limited by imposing stringent requirements on the creditworthiness of contracting parties. An obligation by the company towards the counterparty exists in the event of a negative replacement value. In this case the counterparty bears the risk.